Unpasteurized Cider

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Greymo
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2009/09/29 08:49:48 (permalink)

Unpasteurized Cider

Yesterday, while at the "apple farm", we purchased a couple of gallons of cider............................it is so good!   Of course it is extra good because the state of Maryland does not require cider to be pasteurized.  For the first time, I noticed a small warning label at the bottom of the label that it was not pasteurized and might be harmful to one's health.  I could not believe that it is required for them to put this on a jug of cider!
 
Can you  buy unpasteurized cider in your state?  There certainly is a big difference in the taste.
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    pacman
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 09:43:29 (permalink)
    I think we can, but, it is hard to find.    Everything I've seen in grocery stores is pasteruized ... YUK....might as well buy apple juice!!!!   Once in a blue moon I find it if I'm traveling and run across a fruit stand that's open.


    #2
    Michael Hoffman
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 10:09:53 (permalink)
    You can in Ohio.
    #3
    NYPIzzaNut
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 10:18:55 (permalink)
    We get ours at A & M Farm Orchard in Midland Ohio - on the jug it says "Meets All Food Safety Standards" - and it is delicious!

    Here is  a link to this wonderful place - it is a slideshow showing various facets of the store and tent area:

    http://s417.photobucket.com/albums/pp260/radians2009/Mediterranean%20Restaurant%20and%20Cafe%20Wilmington%20Ohio/A%20and%20M%20Farm%20Orchard%20State%20Route%20251%20Midland%20Ohio/?albumview=slideshow

    It is between Mt Orab and Wilmington on State Route 251 just off State Route 68, if you are in the area.  At $4.00 a gallon it is a real bargain and it lasts two weeks in the refrigerator.
    post edited by NYPIzzaNut - 2009/09/29 10:23:39
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    Bruce Bilmes and Susan Boyle
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 10:32:07 (permalink)
    In the Northeast, New York and, I'm almost certain, New Jersey bans the sale of all untreated cider.  Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Pennsylvania all permit it.  The federal government requires a warning label on untreated cider sold directly to the public but permits the sale.
    #5
    NYPIzzaNut
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 10:34:06 (permalink)
    There is no such warning label needed in Ohio - see my above post.
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    NC Cheesehead
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 10:46:14 (permalink)
    NY Pizza,

    2 weeks?  A gallon of that stuff wouldn't last 2 days before it was gone from my fridge.  I love real fresh squeezed non pasteurized cider.

    I remember once when I was a kid when a childhood friend of mine had a gallon of that stuff in the fridge that obviously was well past it's due date.  We drank some of it and we were feeling a bit "loopy."  At the time, we were too young to realize we had just drank "cider wine."
    #7
    Michael Hoffman
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 10:52:48 (permalink)
    Bruce Bilmes and Sue Boyle

    In the Northeast, New York and, I'm almost certain, New Jersey bans the sale of all untreated cider.  Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Pennsylvania all permit it.  The federal government requires a warning label on untreated cider sold directly to the public but permits the sale.

    The last time I was in Connecticut they'd banned the sale of untreated cider.
    #8
    Bruce Bilmes and Susan Boyle
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 10:55:57 (permalink)
    NYPIzzaNut

    There is no such warning label needed in Ohio - see my above post.


    The state may not require a warning label, but the federal government does require it.
    #9
    NYPIzzaNut
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 11:11:58 (permalink)
    NC Cheesehead

    NY Pizza,

    2 weeks?  A gallon of that stuff wouldn't last 2 days before it was gone from my fridge.  I love real fresh squeezed non pasteurized cider.

    I remember once when I was a kid when a childhood friend of mine had a gallon of that stuff in the fridge that obviously was well past it's due date.  We drank some of it and we were feeling a bit "loopy."  At the time, we were too young to realize we had just drank "cider wine."


    I got 2 gallons last Thursday and we are on the second gallon now.  We had talked about freezing it but we both knew we could finish it well before that time.
    #10
    NYPIzzaNut
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 11:13:11 (permalink)
    Bruce Bilmes and Sue Boyle

    NYPIzzaNut

    There is no such warning label needed in Ohio - see my above post.


    The state may not require a warning label, but the federal government does require it.

    Then they must have an exemption.

    #11
    Bruce Bilmes and Susan Boyle
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 11:14:50 (permalink)
    Michael Hoffman

    Bruce Bilmes and Sue Boyle

    In the Northeast, New York and, I'm almost certain, New Jersey bans the sale of all untreated cider.  Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Pennsylvania all permit it.  The federal government requires a warning label on untreated cider sold directly to the public but permits the sale.

    The last time I was in Connecticut they'd banned the sale of untreated cider.


    See: http://www.cga.ct.gov/2008/rpt/2008-R-0522.htm: the 10/1/08 report says that 19 producers in the state sell unpasteurized cider.
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    Greymo
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 11:15:14 (permalink)
    According to the label on my gallon of cider, it states that the FDA requires it so how would one state be expempt?
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    Bruce Bilmes and Susan Boyle
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 11:16:48 (permalink)
    NYPIzzaNut

    Bruce Bilmes and Sue Boyle

    NYPIzzaNut

    There is no such warning label needed in Ohio - see my above post.


    The state may not require a warning label, but the federal government does require it.

    Then they must have an exemption.


    They don't have an exemption.  A & M Farm Orchard pasteurizes their cider.
    #14
    NYPIzzaNut
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 11:17:27 (permalink)
    Maybe in farm areas it is not required.
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    NYPIzzaNut
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 11:21:19 (permalink)
    Bruce Bilmes and Sue Boyle

    NYPIzzaNut

    Bruce Bilmes and Sue Boyle

    NYPIzzaNut

    There is no such warning label needed in Ohio - see my above post.


    The state may not require a warning label, but the federal government does require it.

    Then they must have an exemption.


    They don't have an exemption.  A & M Farm Orchard pasteurizes their cider.
    They do not pasteurize it - they use a UV system which does not heat the cider nor affect the taste - that is the other approved option.


    #16
    Bruce Bilmes and Susan Boyle
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 11:27:08 (permalink)
    NYPIzzaNut

    Bruce Bilmes and Sue Boyle

    NYPIzzaNut

    Bruce Bilmes and Sue Boyle

    NYPIzzaNut

    There is no such warning label needed in Ohio - see my above post.


    The state may not require a warning label, but the federal government does require it.

    Then they must have an exemption.


    They don't have an exemption.  A & M Farm Orchard pasteurizes their cider.
    They do not pasteurize it - they use a UV system which does not heat the cider nor affect the taste - that is the other approved option.

    You are correct.  UV pasteurization is used by many small producers, because it's much more financially doable, and it's just as effective as heat pasteurization.  Some folks have problems with UV treatment but many people say the product is indistinguishable from untreated cider in taste.
    #17
    seafarer john
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 11:29:50 (permalink)
    The cider we purchase from a local apple farmer here n New Paltz NY is unpasteurized (it says so on the label) and contains no preservatives - And it is delicious  - changing flavor thru the season as new varieties are added to the mix.

    We left a half gallon out in the sun  last week and it took on a bit of an alcohol edge and was slightly bubbly (the plastic bottle was starting to balloon due to the gas pressure) and it was excellent.

    The cider available in the local supermarkets is all pasteurized and has preservatives even though some is locally produced stuff. Maybe farm stands have an exemption here in NYState?

    Cheers, John   
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    WarToad
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 11:30:01 (permalink)
    Living life has risks, and if drinking fresh 100% natual unfiltered unpasturized apple juice "might be harmful to one's health" then dammit...  cover me boys, I'm going in.
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    NYPIzzaNut
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 11:33:07 (permalink)
    seafarer john

    The cider we purchase from a local apple farmer here n New Paltz NY is unpasteurized (it says so on the label) and contains no preservatives - And it is delicious  - changing flavor thru the season as new varieties are added to the mix.

    We left a half gallon out in the sun  last week and it took on a bit of an alcohol edge and was slightly bubbly (the plastic bottle was starting to balloon due to the gas pressure) and it was excellent.

    The cider available in the local supermarkets is all pasteurized and has preservatives even though some is locally produced stuff. Maybe farm stands have an exemption here in NYState?

    Cheers, John   
    They use the UV method I feel certain.


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    Bruce Bilmes and Susan Boyle
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 11:39:44 (permalink)
    I guess the real issue, taste-wise, is HEAT-pasteurization, not pasteurization itself.  As I understand it, seafarer john's New Paltz cider has to be pasteurized, by NYS law, but if they use a UV system then it is not heat-pasteurized.  Next time you buy a jug, ask them - I'd bet they say they use UV.
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    NC Cheesehead
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 11:45:31 (permalink)
    WarToad

    Living life has risks, and if drinking fresh 100% natual unfiltered unpasturized apple juice "might be harmful to one's health" then dammit...  cover me boys, I'm going in.


    Agreed 100 percent.  So what's next?  Will we have to figure out a way to make fresh fruit and vegetables safe as well?  I mean come on....enough already.
    #22
    NYPIzzaNut
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 11:47:59 (permalink)
    Bruce Bilmes and Sue Boyle

    I guess the real issue, taste-wise, is HEAT-pasteurization, not pasteurization itself.  As I understand it, seafarer john's New Paltz cider has to be pasteurized, by NYS law, but if they use a UV system then it is not heat-pasteurized.  Next time you buy a jug, ask them - I'd bet they say they use UV.

    I had no idea about this til you brought up the matter so I called A & M and learned about this alternative UV system, that is approved by state and federal authorities.

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    Bruce Bilmes and Susan Boyle
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 11:57:40 (permalink)
    The problem is in the processing.  You may get sick from a bad apple or head of lettuce, but it's just you and, maybe your family or guests (and you're likely to reject a piece that is rotting or otherwise in obviously bad shape).  But press that one bad apple with thousands of others and you contaminate the whole batch, which will be consumed by many, many people.

    The same thing happens with commercially-ground beef, which is why it's gotten harder to find a rare burger in restaurants.  One contaminated batch gets mixed with thousands of pounds of good beef, contaminating the whole batch.  If you grind your own beef, a rare burger is much safer - you're only at risk if the particular piece you're grinding is contaminated.
    #24
    Michael Hoffman
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 12:31:47 (permalink)
    I'll be damned! They told me when I went to buy cider that state law prohibits selling unpasturized cider.
     
    Thanks.
    #25
    NYPIzzaNut
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 12:42:27 (permalink)
    Actually I guess if you want to get technical:

    http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/118770599/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0



    post edited by NYPIzzaNut - 2009/09/29 14:07:37
    #26
    NYPIzzaNut
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 12:45:32 (permalink)
    Furthermore:

    http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/gmf-agm/appro/dec85_rev_nl3-eng.php

    Imprimer | Taille du texte : P M G TG Aide

    Ultraviolet light treatment of apple juice/cider using the CiderSure 3500

    Novel Food Information


    Health Canada has notified Moore Orchards that it has no objection to the sale of unpasteurized and unfermented apple juice and cider products which have been treated with the CiderSure 3500 Ultraviolet (UV) light unit. The Department has conducted a comprehensive assessment of UV treated apple juice/cider according to its Guidelines for the Safety Assessment of Novel Foods. These Guidelines are based upon internationally accepted principles for establishing the safety of novel foods.

    Background:

    The following provides a summary of the notification from Moore Orchard and the evaluation by Heath Canada and contains no confidential business information.

    1. Introduction

    The CiderSure 3500 UV light unit has been developed to treat apple juice/cider with UV light to reduce the levels of microbial pathogens in juice products. The intent of the CiderSure 3500 is specifically to reduce the levels of Escherichia coli 0157:H7, an organism linked to various food borne outbreaks caused by the consumption of contaminated fresh apple juice/cider.
    The assessment conducted by Food Directorate evaluators determined the effectiveness of the CiderSure 3500 UV light unit in reducing the bacterial load of apple juice/cider, how the composition and nutritional quality of UV light-treated apple juice/cider compares to untreated and pasteurized apple juice/cider, and the potential for toxicological or chemical concerns associated with the use of UV light on apple juice/cider.
    Apple juice or cider treated with UV light to reduce the levels of microbial pathogens is considered a novel food according to part (b) of the definition of novel food, i.e.
    "b) a food that has been manufactured, prepared, preserved or packaged by a process that
    a. has not been previously applied to that food, and
    b.causes the food to undergo a major change;"
    Here the major change is in the microbiological safety of the food.

    2. Description of the Novel Process

    The CiderSure 3500 unit uses UV lamps to expose a thin film of apple juice/cider flowing through tubes under turbulent conditions. Sensors monitor the amount of UV light that is being applied to the juice/cider and a computer interface determines the appropriate flow rate to achieve a significant reduction in the microbial load of the juice/cider based on this UV penetration data. The UV unit is programmed to compensate for differences that may exist in apple ciders such as total solids and colour as increased solid content and darker colour due to extended storage of apples that can decrease UV penetration.

    3. Microbiology

    Ultraviolet light has been extensively used for more than 40 years as an effective treatment for the elimination of various microorganisms in water. Wavelengths of UV light in the range of 200 to 280 nm have been demonstrated to effectively inactivate bacteria and viruses due to DNA mutations induced by the absorption of UV light by DNA molecules.
    The petitioner has presented data demonstrating the reduction of E. coli O157:H7 in fresh apple cider using the CiderSure UV light unit. Raw, unprocessed apple cider inoculated with strains of E. coli O157:H7 were run through the CiderSure 3500 according to the manufacturer's instructions. Analysis of the UV treated cider found that the CiderSure 3500 was capable of achieving at least a 5-log reduction in the levels of E. coli. For safety reasons, a non-pathogenic surrogate E. coli strain which shows almost identical UV sensitivity to the pathogenic strains of E. coli O157:H7, is used to test all production units destined for the marketplace.

    4. Dietary Exposure

    The majority of apple juice and cider products sold in Canada are pasteurized using heat. A small percentage of these juice/cider products are not pasteurized and are commonly sold at roadside stands, country fairs, juice bars and on ice or in refrigerated display cases at grocery stores. The UV-treated apple juice and cider would be expected to be consumed in the same way as either the pasteurized or unpasteurized products on the market.

    5. Nutrition

    It is known that only certain vitamins are susceptible to degradation by UV light. The only vitamin of any potential significance in apples would be vitamin C which is not particularly sensitive to UV light. Raw apples, however, contain only a small amount of this vitamin and this is lost readily through exposure to heat, oxygen, and light during processing into juice. It is thus generally accepted that unfortified apple juice, even if unpasteurized, is not a significant source of vitamin C. Thus, the use of UV light treatment is not considered to pose any new nutritional safety concerns.

    6. Chemistry/Toxicology

    The effects of UV light on the major chemical components of food were evaluated to determine if there was any potential toxicological or chemical safety concerns associated with juice products that have undergone UV treatment. Data provided on photochemistry indicates that the only degradation products that would occur from UV treatment of juice/cider products are those that occur naturally from sunlight. UV treatment of water has been examined by several groups for by-product formation under actual disinfection conditions and studies using the Ames test have failed to find evidence of elevated mutagenic levels in treated waters. The U.S. Code of Federal Regulations contains a section (21 CFR 179.39) devoted to the conditions under which UV radiation may be safely applied to food. Provided the operating conditions of the lamps are within these constraints, there is no objection to the application of this process as proposed.

    Conclusion:

    Health Canada's review of the information presented in support of the CiderSure 3500 concluded that there are no human food safety concerns associated with the sale of unpasteurized and unfermented apple cider and juice that has been treated with the CiderSure 3500. The UV treatment can achieve a significant reduction in the microbial load of apple juice and cider products. It should be noted that this reduction does not mean elimination of pathogenic organisms, especially in cases where the original microbial load of the juice product was extremely high. Therefore, manufacturers should continue to take steps to limit the risk of contamination in their production process.
    This opinion is solely with respect to the suitability of apple cider and juice treated using the CiderSure 3500 for sale as human food. It is the continuing responsibility of Moore Orchards to ensure that its products are in compliance with all applicable statutory and regulatory requirements. Any new information obtained which has potential health and safety implications should be forwarded to Health Canada for our consideration in order to ensure the continued safety and integrity of all novel foods available in the Canadian marketplace. The sale of a food which poses a hazard to the health of consumers would contravene the provisions of the Food and Drugs Act.
    Issues related to the labelling of products and potential inspection activities associated with use of this novel process are addressed separately through existing regulatory processes administered by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency.

    This Novel Food Information document has been prepared to summarize the opinion regarding the subject product provided by the Food Directorate, Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada. This opinion is based upon the comprehensive review of information submitted by the petitioner according to the Guidelines for the Safety Assessment of Novel Foods.
    (Également disponible en français)
    For further information, please contact:
    Novel Foods Section
    Food Directorate
    Health Products and Food Branch
    Health Canada
    Tunney's Pasture
    Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0L2 Telephone: (613) 941-5535
    Facsimile: (613) 952-6400
    #27
    NYPIzzaNut
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 12:48:57 (permalink)
    And from NY State:

    http://www.nyapplecountry.com/cider.htm
    Fresh pressed New York State apple cider is available all year long. Look for refreshing cider at your local farm market or supermarket. Remember that fresh cider can be used in many cooking recipes
    .

    Is Cider Pasteurized or UV Treated?

    Most New York State cider is either pasteurized or treated with Ultra Violet (UV) light. Both processes are approved by the Food and Drug Administration, (FDA).
    The pasteurization process involves heating the freshly pressed cider to 160 degrees for a few seconds. The high temperature kills bacteria that might be there. The cider is then immediately cooled to prevent it from getting a "cooked" taste. This process is the same process used to pasteurize milk. When done properly, pasteurization does not affect the flavor of the cider. Consumer tests have indicated that people cannot tell the difference between the flavor of pasteurized and un-pasteurized cider. Also, the nutritional value does not change. Some people simply prefer to drink fresh cider without any heat treatment or added preservatives.
    UV treatment is a non-thermal process that meets FDA guidelines to obtain a 5- log reduction of pertinent pathogens. This is equivalent to 99.999% safe. The UV or Ultra Violet treatment has the cider pass by an ultraviolet light which kills harmful bacteria. This process is called non-thermal because it does not heat up the cider. It is FDA approved and an equally safe alternative to heat pasteurization.
    The New York Apple Association recommends drinking only pasteurized or UV treated fresh apple cider. This is to ensure that all consumers both young and old are protected against possible illness. Approximately 95% of the volume of cider currently produced in New York State is either pasteurized or UV treated.



    #28
    Michael Hoffman
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 12:53:08 (permalink)
    Just out of curiosity, why did you decide to violate a copyright by posting that report/abstract on Roadfood and opening up Roadfood for a lawsuit?
    #29
    NYPIzzaNut
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    Re:Unpasteurized Cider 2009/09/29 13:07:18 (permalink)
    Should I just post the link to it do you think (like members do here regularly and frequently to copyright protected sites and data?)
    #30
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